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Doing Business report to discontinue as probe indicts fmr World Bank chiefs

16 Sep 2021, 10:59 pm
Financial Nigeria
Doing Business report to discontinue as probe indicts fmr World Bank chiefs

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The World Bank had announced it would suspend its annual Doing Business report, saying "the integrity and impartiality of our data and analysis is paramount.”

Former World Bank chiefs Kristalina Georgieva and Jim Yong Kim

World Bank leaders, including then-Chief Executive Kristalina Georgieva, now IMF Managing Director, applied "undue pressure" on staff to boost China's ranking in the bank's "Doing Business 2018" report, according to an independent investigation released Thursday and reported by Reuters.

The report, prepared by law firm WilmerHale at the request of the World Bank's ethics committee, raises concerns about China's influence at the Bank, and the judgment of Georgieva and then-World Bank President Jim Yong Kim.

In a statement issued today, Georgieva said she disagreed "fundamentally with the findings and interpretations" of the report and that she had briefed the IMF's executive board.

The World Bank Group on Thursday cancelled the entire "Doing Business" report which ranks countries on business climates, saying internal audits and the WilmerHale investigation had raised "ethical matters, including the conduct of former Board officials, as well as current and/or former Bank staff," according to Reuters, adding that the U.S. Treasury Department, which manages the dominant U.S. shareholdings in the IMF and the World Bank, said it was analysing what it called the "serious findings."

The WilmerHale report cited "direct and indirect pressure" from senior staff in Kim's office to change the report's methodology to boost China's score, and said it likely occurred at his direction.

It said Georgieva, and a key adviser, Simeon Djankov, had pressured staff to "make specific changes to China's data points" and boost its ranking at a time when the bank was seeking China's support for a big capital increase.

China's ranking in the "Doing Business 2018" report, published in October 2017, rose seven places to 78th after the data methodology changes were made, compared with the initial draft report.

The "Doing Business" report ranks countries based on their regulatory and legal environments, ease of business startups, financing, infrastructure and other business climate measures.

The U.S. Treasury is analysing "serious findings" in the WilmerHale report, Treasury spokeswoman Alexandra LaManna told Reuters. "Our primary responsibility is to uphold the integrity of international financial institutions.”

The WilmerHale report also cited pressures related to data used to determine rankings for Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Azerbaijan in the "Doing Business 2020" report published in 2019, but found no evidence that any members of the World Bank's Office of the President or executive board were involved in these changes.

Saudi Arabia climbed 30 places to 62nd in the "Doing Business 2020" report.

"Going forward, we will be working on a new approach to assessing the business and investment climate," the World Bank said.

WilmerHale said it was hired by the lender's International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in January to review the internal circumstances that led to the data irregularities. It said the bank supported the probe, but it was wholly independent.

The report said the push to boost China's ranking came at a time when the bank's management was "consumed with sensitive negotiations" over a major capital increase, and China's disappointment over a lower-than-expected score.

Georgieva told WilmerHale investigators that "multilateralism was at stake, and the Bank was in 'very deep trouble' if the campaign missed its goals," the report said.

The World Bank in 2018 announced a $13 billion-paid in capital increase that boosted China's shareholding stake to 6.01% from 4.68%.

WilmerHale said Georgieva visited the home of a "Doing Business" manager to retrieve a hard copy of the final report that reflected changes that boosted China's ranking, and thanked the employee for helping "resolve the problem."

The report said a "toxic culture" and "fear of retaliation" surrounded the Doing Business report, and said members of that team "felt that they could not challenge an order from the Bank's president or CEO without risking their jobs."

Nonprofit group Oxfam welcomed the bank's decision to discontinue the Doing Business report, saying it had long encouraged governments to slash labour regulations and corporate taxes in order to improve their spot in the rankings.

In a statement sent to Financial Nigeria in August 2020 by Washington D.C.-based development think tank, Centre for Global Development, its Senior Fellow Justin Sandefur, said: “It’s time to scrap Doing Business.” The World Bank had announced it would suspend its annual Doing Business report, saying "the integrity and impartiality of our data and analysis is paramount.”

The administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, in 2017, started implementing the National Action Plans on Ease of Doing Business. Among the aims of the plans is to, “remove critical bottlenecks and bureaucratic constraints to doing business in Nigeria” and “move Nigeria 20 steps upwards in the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index.”

The country rose from 169th position in 2016 to 145th in 2017. It slipped one place to 146th out of 190 countries in 2018, and then moved up 15 places to 131st position in 2019 out of the same number of countries as in the preceding year.

Former World Bank chief economist Paul Romer first voiced concerns about the integrity of the "Doing Business" report in 2018, saying Chile's ranking may have been biased against socialist then-President Michelle Bachelet. Romer left the bank shortly after his comments.

Reporting based on news report by Reuters

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